The origin of civilizations & religion
Ethiopia is generally considered Africa’s oldest continuously identifiable nation. The beautiful country covers well over a million square kilometers.
The Old Testament makes no fewer than thirty references to Ethiopia (“Cush” to the Hebrews). Moses wed an “Ethiopian” woman (Numbers 12:1). According to tradition, the Ethiopian nation was founded by Etiopik, great grandson of Noah, and Axum (Aksum) was founded by Etiopik’s son, Aksumai.
Queen Makeda of Sabea (Sheba) would have been a member of this dynasty; she ruled a vast area that included Yemen, and in her reign Ethiopians traded with peoples as far as Palestine and India. Queen Sheba ventured to Jerusalem to visit King Solomon, by whom she bore a son, Menelik (from Ibn-al-Malik, Son of the King).
Thus was established the Solomonic dynasty, which tradition identifies with various lines amalgamated into the dynasty that ruled until 1974. It is believed that Menelik visited his father in Jerusalem for three years as a young adult, learning the Mosaic law, and returned to Ethiopia with the Ark of the Covenant.
During the reign of Saint Gebre Mesqel Lalibela (a member of the Zagwe Dynasty, who ruled Ethiopia in the late 12th century and early 13th century) the current town of Lalibela was known as Roha. Lalibela is said to have seen Jerusalem and then attempted to build a new Jerusalem as his capital in response to the capture of old Jerusalem by Muslims in 1187. This rural town is known around the world for its monolithic chrches which play an important part in the history of rock-cut architecture.
What is special about Lalibela the site of eleven rock churches which all of them are unique architecture design it can be difficult to do the same thing with todays modern technology and they are all within more or less a stone’s throw of each other. Any body must differentiate natural caves from rock-cut architecture which is man-made and designed along the conventions of architecture itself .
Ge’ez also called Ethiopic, is an abugida script that was originally developed to write Ge’ez, a semitic language. The languages that use or drived from Ge’ez is Tigringa and Amharic, the script is called fida, which means script or alphabet.
The Ge’ez script has been adapted to write other languages, usually Semitic ones. It is widespread used by the churches in Tigray and Amhara and other localities in Ethiopia.Tis is also used by the Tigre and Blin in Eritrea.